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Five years ago, the framework agreement between the Indian government and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isaac-Muivah) was signed with much uproar. This was done in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and NSCN (I-M) Secretary General Thuingaleng Muivah with R N Ravi, the interlocutor who signed the agreement on behalf of the EU government. It was touted as a “historic” agreement to used an era of peace and tranquillity in a region shaken by violence for nearly five decades. The agreement, published by NSCN-IM, called for “sovereign power sharing” and provides for a “sustainable relationship, including a new relationship of peaceful coexistence between the two entities.” The framework agreement, which was shared on Tuesday in a detailed press release from NSCN-IM, states that “both sides have understood each other`s respective positions and are aware of the universal principle that, in a democracy, sovereignty belongs to the people. As a result, on 3 August 2015, the Indian government and the NSCN, which respects the aspirations of citizens for sovereign power as defined in the powers, reached an agreement as an honourable solution. In making the FA public, the NSCN stressed that Ravi had “doctored” the original agreement and that he may therefore have acted beyond the New Delhi mission and that he had to be withdrawn because he had broken his self-confidence. But it`s definitely about more. In 2015, with the Narendra Modi government firmly in power and Prime Minister Modi insisting on a quick solution to the conflict, a framework agreement was signed, which laid the groundwork for the ongoing peace talks. It is clear what the NSCN`s motive is – to strengthen its call on the Modi government for Ravi, including the governor of Nagaland, to be an interlocutor. On 28 October, a team from the NSCN (I-M), led by its Secretary General Thuingaleng Muivah and Ravi, met again to discuss ways to find an “honourable” solution by resigning the sticky issue of a separate flag and constitution for the Nagas. “The dialogue of more than four hours was not successful and the two sides agreed to meet soon. However, a final agreement between the NSCN (I-M) and the government is unlikely to take place by October 31, 2019,” an official development confidant.

For reasons better known to the government and the NSCN (I-M), the framework agreement has been kept secret for the past five years. It was only when the manipulations of the agreement were noticed that the NSCN (I-M) decided to take it out of the closet and reveal it to the world. NSCN-IM, one of Naga`s largest groups, signed a framework agreement on August 3, 2015 to end the decades-old issue.