Skip navigation

More than a year after the agreement with Russia, British and French representatives, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges Picot, drafted another secret agreement on the future prey of the Great War. Picot represented a small group determined to ensure control of Syria for France; For his part, Sykes asked the UK to compensate for the influence in the region. The agreement did not allow, to a large extent, the future growth of Arab nationalism, which the British government and army wanted to use at the same time for their advantage vis-à-vis the Turks. After the outbreak of war in the summer of 1914, the Allies – Britain, France and Russia – had much discussion about the future of the Ottoman Empire, which is now fighting on the side of Germany and the central powers, and its vast area in the Middle East, Arabia and southern Europe. In March 1915, Britain signed a secret agreement with Russia, whose plans for the territory of the Empire had prompted the Turks to join Germany and Austria-Hungary in 1914. Under its terms, Russia would annex the Ottoman capital, Constantinople, and retain control of the Dardanelles (the extremely important strait that connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean) and the Gallipoli Peninsula, the target of a major Allied military invasion, which began in April 1915. In exchange, Russia would accept British claims to other territories of the former Ottoman Empire and Central Persia, including the oil-rich region of Mesopotamia. In the Sykes-Picot Agreement, concluded on 19 May 1916, France and Great Britain divided the Arab territories of the former Ottoman Empire into spheres of influence. In its intended area, it was agreed that each country can establish a direct or indirect administration or control, as they wish and as they see fit to agree with the Arab State or with the Arab confederation. Under Sykes-Picot, the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon went to France; Britain would take direct control of central and southern Mesopotamia around the provinces of Baghdad and Basra. Palestine would have an international administration, because other Christian powers, namely Russia, were interested in this region. The rest of the territory in question – a vast territory with syria today, Mosul in northern Iraq and Jordan – would have local Arab leaders under French surveillance to the north and Britons to the south.

In addition, Britain and France would retain free passage and trade within the other`s zone of influence. Study guide from Wednesday, April 15, 2020, no later than 22:00. Bellringer: Religious Doctrines Chart (Catholic Catholic) 2 working days: study guide 8.6 Fascism and totalitarianism – > Unit 8 Study Guide HomeRoom Version Class Discussion 8.4: Versailles Conference and Peace Settlement Signup on the following sites: `You Must Use Your DCPS E-mail Account` within a 1880s home. One can distinguish the pistol, the carpet and the woods that it belongs to a hunting family. . Due 27.08.19 to 22:00 – > Age of Exploration Edpuzzle; Exploration – it`s Consequences Edpuzzle Bellringer: Turn in Study Guide, Quizkorrekturen and SAQ rewrite Edpuzzle Foundations of Absolutism (9:32); EdpuzzleAbsolutism (13:16) King Charles I. “Don`t Lose Your Head” – > KingCharlesIandtheEnglishCivilWar Simulation PPt.ppt I`ll look for notes from period 1: 1450-1648 HW: Pride and Prejudice Crash Course Part Literature 1 (11:44); Pride and Prejudice Crash Course Literature Part 2 HW: Emmanuel Kant and Adam Smith (11:10); Hobbes Vs Locke (16:32) Work Day: Study Guide 8.4 Versailles Conference and Peace Settlement -> Unit 8 Study Guide Columbian Exchange, Slave Trade, and the Commercial Revolution, c.1450-1648; HW: Enlightened Monarchs (13:41); Division of Poland (3:31); KC 2.3.I; 2.3.IV.A; 2.3.IV.B Study Guide KC 1.3.III.A/B/C/D; 1.3.IV.A/BC; KC 1.4.I.A; 1.4.II.A/B; 1.4.III.A discussion: individualism, realism and activism and the politics of city-states were a common residence for people of the European middle class.