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The Cree Offshore Agreement was signed with the Canadian government on July 7, 2010 and came into effect on February 15, 2012. Like the James Bay agreement and northern Quebec, it is a land agreement and a treaty protected by the Constitution of Canada. Its main objectives are: the JBNQA and related agreements, laws and obligations provide the Cree Nation and the Cree people of Eeyou Istchee with a wide range of powers, rights and benefits in various areas, including land and resource planning and management, justice management, police and police. , environmental protection and social protection, harvesting, economic and social development. , education, local government, health and social services. Colonialism continues to exist in Cree`s relationship with Canada. The dead weight of Canadian Aboriginal policy delays any positive steps the Crees are taking as part of the new relationship agreement, or threatens to undermine any positive movement. This is the next dragon to kill if the James Quebec Bay Crees are to exploit the full potential of the 1975 agreement. When the agreement was signed in November 2001, Grand Chief Ted Moses received unanimous support from his leaders, all of them equally signatories. They then travelled to the municipalities to explain the agreement and obtain approval for a final agreement. The final agreement was reached at the end of December and a new tour of the communes was carried out in January. It was only at the end of this second tour that the leaders of the nine municipalities decided that each would determine its own decision-making process and be independent of the others. Everyone held a referendum, and of the 65 per cent of the voters who voted, about 70% voted for the deal.

Overall, the turnout in Cree`s elections was pretty much normal, although some complained about his lack of strength to get a clear agreement. Chisasibi, the only municipality that voted against the agreement, voted “no” by 51%. Mistissini, a community of comparable size (approximately 3,000) was the most supportive of the agreement with a “yes” vote of 80%. In the preamble to the agreement, the treaty is recognized as a symbolic “nation-to-nation” agreement between Cree and Quebec.